CWE-375 返回不可变的对象给非可信调用者

Returning a Mutable Object to an Untrusted Caller

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Base

状态: Draft

被利用可能性: Medium


Sending non-cloned mutable data as a return value may result in that data being altered or deleted by the calling function.


In situations where functions return references to mutable data, it is possible that the external code which called the function may make changes to the data sent. If this data was not previously cloned, the class will then be using modified data which may violate assumptions about its internal state.


  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 668 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary


Language: [{'cwe_Name': 'C', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}, {'cwe_Name': 'C++', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}, {'cwe_Name': 'Java', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}, {'cwe_Name': 'C#', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}]


范围 影响 注释
['Access Control', 'Integrity'] Modify Memory Potentially data could be tampered with by another function which should not have been tampered with.




Declare returned data which should not be altered as constant or immutable.



Clone all mutable data before returning references to it. This is the preferred mitigation. This way, regardless of what changes are made to the data, a valid copy is retained for use by the class.


This class has a private list of patients, but provides a way to see the list :

bad Java

public class ClinicalTrial {
private PatientClass[] patientList = new PatientClass[50];
public getPatients(...){
return patientList;

While this code only means to allow reading of the patient list, the getPatients() method returns a reference to the class's original patient list instead of a reference to a copy of the list. Any caller of this method can arbitrarily modify the contents of the patient list even though it is a private member of the class.


映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
CLASP Mutable object returned
The CERT Oracle Secure Coding Standard for Java (2011) OBJ04-J Provide mutable classes with copy functionality to safely allow passing instances to untrusted code
The CERT Oracle Secure Coding Standard for Java (2011) OBJ05-J Defensively copy private mutable class members before returning their references
SEI CERT Perl Coding Standard EXP34-PL Imprecise Do not modify $_ in list or sorting functions
Software Fault Patterns SFP23 Exposed Data